Relation of Nicholas Burgoignon

 The relation of Nicholas Burgoignon, aliâs Holy, whom sir Francis Drake brought from Saint Augustine also in Florida, where he had remayned sixe yeeres, in mine and Master Heriots hearing. This Nicholas Burgoignon sayth, that betweene S. Augustine and S. Helen there is a Casique whose name is Casicôla, which is lord of ten thousand […]

The Relation of Pedro Morales

The relation of Pedro Morales a Spaniard, which sir Francis Drake brought from Saint Augustines in Florida, where he had remayned sixe yeeres, touching the state of those parts, taken from his mouth by Master Richard Hakluyt 1586. Three score leagues up from the Northwest from Saint Helena are the mountaines of the golde and […]

On the Nature of the Apalachites

“Digression on the Nature of the Country of the Apalachites, their Manners, their Ancient and Their New Religion” from Histoire Naturelle and Morale des Antilles de l’Amerique by Rochefort. The Caribbians were originally Inhabitants of the Septentrional part of America, of that Country which is now called Florida: They, came to Inhabit the islands after […]

Pedro de Menendez Account of Fort Caroline Capture

Pedro de Menéndez de Avilés to Philip II: I wrote to Your Majesty from aboard the galleon San Salvador on September llth, this being the day she left Port. The duplicate of the letter goes in this, and later on I will send the other. While I was on the Bar in a sloop with […]

Hernando D’Escalante Fontaneda

Hernando de Escalante Fontaneda (c. 1536 – after 1575, dates uncertain) was a Spanish shipwreck survivor who lived among the Indians of Florida for 17 years. His memoir [version 1] [version 2], written in 1575, is one of the most valuable contemporary accounts of American Indian life from that period. Around 1549, when Fontaneda was […]

Quest for Fort Caroline

Current academic consensus holds that the French settlement of Fort Caroline was located on the St. Johns River in modern-day Jacksonville, Florida. Yet details in both French and Spanish written accounts as well as details in drawings left behind by the colony’s resident artist, Jacques Le Moyne, have always contradicted this location. These accounts suggest […]

Review: The Apalachee Indians and Mission San Luis

The Apalachee Indians and Mission San Luis is without question one of the most beautiful history books ever produced about a Native American tribe in the Southeastern United States. This book is devoted to telling the story of the Apalachee Indians, a tribe in northwest Florida, and their interactions with Spanish conquistadors and colonists. It […]

Oldest European fort in the inland US discovered in Appalachians

ANN ARBOR—The remains of the earliest European fort in the interior of what is now the United States have been discovered by a team of archaeologists, providing new insight into the start of the U.S. colonial era and the all-too-human reasons spoiling Spanish dreams of gold and glory. Spanish Captain Juan Pardo and his men […]

Charlesbourg-Royal in Quebec

The first European colony in Canada (after the Vikings in 1000 AD) was the French colony of Charlesbourg-Royal in modern-day Quebec, Canada. Built in 1544 it would be preceded by only one other European colony on the East Coast of North America: San Miguel de Gualdape built in 1526 in Georgia. Thus Charlesbourg-Royal is the second […]

Pocahontas’ Indian Empire Site Discovered

When the English showed up in Virginia and constructed Jamestown they did not enter virgin territory where the natives were just sitting around waiting for their arrival. The Native American tribes were involved in their own political schemes and machinations with each other and the arrival of a small group of strangers in big boats […]

Fort Saint George

School textbooks usually state that the Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts was the first English colony in the New World. In actuality, Jamestown in Virginia was the first permanent colony. The Plymouth colony wasn’t even the first English colony in New England, Fort Saint George in Maine (also known as the Popham Colony) takes that honor. […]

Vikings and Native Americans

Although once thought preposterous, it has now been proven that the Vikings reached North America 500 years before Columbus. It also appears that they not only traded with the local Native American inhabitants but shipped some of these goods back to Europe. Learn more below: The Viking seafarers who explored the North American coast a […]
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