State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/2806

Juan Ortiz- Captive of La Florida Indians

When Hernando de Soto landed in southwest Florida to begin his exploration of the Southeast, he did so without the aid of his local native interpreters who had escaped upon sighting land. This would certainly have doomed the expedition but as luck would have it De Soto found a Spanish captive named Juan Ortiz who […]
June 10, 2014
founding of st. augustine

The Founding of St. Augustine by Francisco Lopez de Mendoza

Original Source: “The Founding of St. Augustine.” In Old South Leaflets Volume IV. Boston: Directors of the Old South work. Old South Meeting House. MEMOIR OF THE HAPPY RESULT AND PROSPEROUS VOYAGE OF THE FLEET COMMANED BY THE ILLUSTRIOUS CAPTAIN-GENERAL PEDRO MENEDEZ DE AVILES, WHICH SAILED FROM CADIZ ON THE MORNING OF THURSDAY, JUNE 28TH, FOR THE […]
May 15, 2014
anchieta-4

Review: Anchieta, José do Brasil

Anchieta, José do Brasil is a Brazilian movie produced in 1974 about the interaction between a Spanish priest and the native Tupi Indians. There is evidence that Tupi Indians had also migrated to Georgia and South Carolina and were one of the tribes the first French and Spanish met. Since this film was very well […]
May 8, 2014
how_tasty-3

Review: Como Era Gostoso o meu Frances (1971)

Como Era Gostoso o meu Frances translates into English as How Tasty Was My Little Frenchman. This movie was produced in 1971 about the experiences of a French captive among the Tupi Indians in Brazil. There is strong evidence that there were Tupi immigrants living in coastal Georgia and South Carolina at the time of first European contact. […]
May 7, 2014
Setting an enemy's village on fire

How Natives Conducted Their Warfare at St. Augustine

Spanish eyewitness accounts of the tactics used by Indian tribes when attacking their outpost of St. Augustine give a fascinating new view of Native American life at the time of first contact. The typical view is that Native Americans were outmatched by the European’s superior weapons and tactics but these eyewitness accounts contradict these views. It […]
April 27, 2014
French in Florida

River of May in GA or FL?

Jean Ribault’s account of his first trip to La Florida entitled “The True Discouerie of Terra Florrida” includes many clues that help pinpoint locations that would be helpful in finding the true location of Fort Caroline. Ribault notes that he first sighted land and cast anchor at the end of April 1562: “Thursday the last of […]
April 14, 2014
Jean Ribualt Landing -JaxLibrary

The Whole and True Discouerye of Terra Florida by Jean Ribault

From a manuscript copy in the British Museum. (Archive.org)        HERE AS in the yeare 1562 it pleased God to move your grace f to chose and appoynt us to discover and vieu a certen long coste of the West Indea, from the hed of the lande called la Florida, drawing towardes the northe parte untill || the […]
April 13, 2014
Portrait of Pedro Menendez

The Letters of Pedro Menendez Aviles

Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society (January Meeting, 1894, pp. 416-468) Florida. Years 1565 and 1566. F. 14. D. N° 40. Seven letters written to the King by the General Pero Menendez de Aviles, from the 13th of August 1565, to the 30th of the next January, giving a report to him of the success […]
March 20, 2014
Castillo de San Marcos in St. Augustine, Florida (Courtesy National Park Service)

Original Fort St. Augustine Found in Coastal Georgia?

Does a newspaper account from 1817, rediscovered in 2010, reveal the location of the original Fort St. Augustine as being in Georgia not Florida? As I noted in my article “Quest for Fort Caroline,” all of the written eyewitness accounts of the location of Fort Caroline suggested it was on the Altamaha River in Georgia […]
March 13, 2014
Reconstruction of the Native American council house at the Mission San Luis site.

Fort St. Augustine Eyewitness Accounts

If the true location of the French Fort Caroline is on the Altamaha River near Darien, Georgia and not the St. Johns River near Jacksonville, Florida (as I argued here and here) then this presents a question: where was the original Fort St. Augustine? According to the Spanish general Pedro Menendez, it required two days […]
March 9, 2014
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