Artist's interpretation of the church built at San Miguel de Gualdape.

San Miguel de Gualdape

San Miguel de Gualdape was the first European settlement in what would become the continental United States, founded in 1526 by Spanish explorer Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón. The settlers lasted only through three months of winter before abandoning the site in early 1527. History Records show that in 1521, de Ayllón, a wealthy sugar planter […]
virginia-area-natives

How Natives Conducted Their Warfare Near Tampa

This eyewitness account from one of the first expeditions into the Southeastern U.S. shows the Spanish were definitely impressed by the military tactics of the Native inhabits of Florida. -Editor From A Narrative of the Expedition of Hernando de Soto Into Florida, by a Gentleman of Elvas The Governor sent the chief constable, Baltasar de Gallegos, […]
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Description of Ucita- 1st Native Town Encountered by De Soto

The following two narratives, one written by the Gentleman of Elvas and another by Garcillasso de la Vega (aka, The Inca), both members of the De Soto expedition, give a great description of a Native American town in Florida at the time of European contact. It describes its location, layout and architecture as well as the […]
State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/2806

Juan Ortiz- Captive of La Florida Indians

When Hernando de Soto landed in southwest Florida to begin his exploration of the Southeast, he did so without the aid of his local native interpreters who had escaped upon sighting land. This would certainly have doomed the expedition but as luck would have it De Soto found a Spanish captive named Juan Ortiz who […]
founding of st. augustine

The Founding of St. Augustine by Francisco Lopez de Mendoza

Original Source: “The Founding of St. Augustine.” In Old South Leaflets Volume IV. Boston: Directors of the Old South work. Old South Meeting House. MEMOIR OF THE HAPPY RESULT AND PROSPEROUS VOYAGE OF THE FLEET COMMANED BY THE ILLUSTRIOUS CAPTAIN-GENERAL PEDRO MENEDEZ DE AVILES, WHICH SAILED FROM CADIZ ON THE MORNING OF THURSDAY, JUNE 28TH, FOR THE […]
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Review: Anchieta, José do Brasil

Anchieta, José do Brasil is a Brazilian movie produced in 1974 about the interaction between a Spanish priest and the native Tupi Indians. There is evidence that Tupi Indians had also migrated to Georgia and South Carolina and were one of the tribes the first French and Spanish met. Since this film was very well […]
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Review: Como Era Gostoso o meu Frances (1971)

Como Era Gostoso o meu Frances translates into English as How Tasty Was My Little Frenchman. This movie was produced in 1971 about the experiences of a French captive among the Tupi Indians in Brazil. There is strong evidence that there were Tupi immigrants living in coastal Georgia and South Carolina at the time of first European contact. […]
Setting an enemy's village on fire

How Natives Conducted Their Warfare at St. Augustine

Spanish eyewitness accounts of the tactics used by Indian tribes when attacking their outpost of St. Augustine give a fascinating new view of Native American life at the time of first contact. The typical view is that Native Americans were outmatched by the European’s superior weapons and tactics but these eyewitness accounts contradict these views. It […]
French in Florida

River of May in GA or FL?

The French claimed that their colony of La Caroline (Fort Caroline) was built along the banks of a river they named the River of May. Thus finding this river is the first task one must undertake to locate Fort Caroline and the many Native American villages they interacted with. The River of May was first discovered and […]
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